A black eye occurs when fluids collect in the tissues around the eye after an injury near the eye. Technically speaking, a black eye is a bruise or dark color caused by broken blood vessels under the surface of the skin. Like the other bruises, a black eye typically appears with swelling. Similar to bruises anywhere on the body, a black eye is caused by blunt force trauma – a non – penetrating injury caused by impact but there can be other causes as well.
What is a black eye?
The clinical term for a black eye is the periorbital hematoma. Although more difficult to describe, this medical term more accurately describes the condition – it is a collection of blood in the tissues around the eye after.
A black eye can affect the area under the eye, or it can around the eye completely. Any blunt force trauma to the eye socket or area surround it can damage small blood vessels under the skin and cause them to leak, leading to the development of a black eye
Because the facial skin around the eye is thin and transparent, even a slight pooling of blood can result in a very noticeable discoloration. Also, the tissue in the area is loose, fluid leaking from blood vessels easily accumulates around the eye, resulting in a puffy black eye
What cause black eyes?
Black eyes are usually the result of an accident. These accident occur for many reasons such as playing sport or walking. Other common causes include cosmetic eye surgery, sinus infection. Even dental work and tooth infections can cause a black eye
Serious causes of the black eye include cellulitis and skull fracture which tends to result in two shiners that are sometimes described as “raccoon eyes.” A serious condition that can accompany a black eye is bleeding inside the anterior part of the eye. This is called hyphema and it is a medical emergency, as it can lead to increased eye pressure and vision loss from glaucoma if left untreated.
A normal condition of the black eye is a bright red appearance to the “white” of the eye. This is called a subconjunctival hemorrhage and it usually is not serious and resolve without treatment in several weeks
Black eye treatment
Almost cases, a black eye like any other bruise and is not a cause for big concern
However, it always important to go hospital where you can be examined a black eye before treatment. Notable the serious of a black eye, look for the symptoms and if any of them are present, go to the doctor immediately:
– Blood inside the eye (hyphema)
– Blood flow from the ears or nose
– Dizziness, fainting or loss of consciousness
– Changes in vision, including blurry vision, double vision, vision loss or the appearance of flashes or floaters
– Inability to move the eye
– Behavioral changes or lethargy
– Severe pain
– Bruising around both eyes
– Persistent headache
– Signs of infection, such as warmth, redness, pus, or fever
– Excessive swelling or swelling that is not attributable to an injury
To care for the black eyes at home, you should apply a cold compress as soon as possible following the injury. A bag of frozen peas will be better ice cubes because it conforms more easily to face. Another option is to chill metal spoon in the refrigerator, then apply the back of the spoon to other parts of the bruised area
Never apply raw meat on a black eye because it will increase the risk of infection. Cold compresses can be applied for about 15-20 minutes and reapplied every hour. This will help constrict blood vessels and limit the amount of swelling.
For minor pain, over the counter analgesics, such as Tylenol. For a serious black eye, your eye doctor may have additional treatment recommendations